China is a vast country with a large population and abundant resources. It is generally divided into the eastern, central, and western regions on the basis of their geographical positions in China and their economic and technological development. The eastern region comprises the municipalities of Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin, the provinces of Liaoning, Hebei, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, and Hainan, as well as the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, not including Taiwan Province and the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions. The central region encompasses the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui, and Jiangxi, as well as the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The western region includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Qinghai, and Gansu, as well as the Tibet, Ningxia Hui and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions.
Around the turn of the century, the Chinese government announced its decision to develop the western region on a large scale in order to speed up the economic growth of Central and West China. To implement this ambitious plan, it has formulated a number of preferential policies to be applied in West China as well as in the Inner Mongolia and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Regions. In China's efforts to develop its western region, the Eurasia Continental Bridge, the Changjiang River, the railroads that lead to seaports in the southwest and the key cities along them will play a significant role. China is going to build trans-regional economic belts with Chinese characteristics along the western section of the Longhai Railroad and the Xinlan Railroad, the upper reaches of the Changjiang River, and the NanningGuiyang-Kunming Railroad. These economic belts will be expanded step by step until they cover the entire western region.
This travel guide is designed to provide visitors with facts about Gansu Province and the Ningxia Hui and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regions.
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